Intellectual Character

The intellectual character of Athens claimed and received, beneath the power of Rome, a degree of respect to which her proud, though less cultivated rival, Sparta, was a stranger. Her literature which ages had consecrated, arrested the remorseless tyranny of Sylla, who, while he leveled her lofty Acropolis, desecrated her altars, demolished her groves, and plundered her sacred temple, permitted her libraries and schools of learning to remian, either as monuments of his clemency — or, as contrasts to the desolation which surrounded them. A corresponding cause produced a like effect in the destruction of the Roman republic, and prepared its population for the blood-stained cruelties of a Tiberius, Domitian, Caligula, and Nero.

Education, 1835

September 1, 2014