Points and Accents

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The affinity of the Hebrew to the Chaldee, Arabic, Phoenician and other Shemitic dialects, sufficiently proves its high antiquity. The punctuation and accents were introductions of a later date, as is shown most fully from the Septuagint version, from the Chaldee paraphrases, from the Greek of Aquila, Symmachus and Theodotian, and from the Latin of Jerome. The Jews acknowledge that the book of the law, shown to the people, had not the points and accents; and that the Samaritan was deficient in vowel marks. The external forms of the letters underwent many changes from the time of Solomon to that of Ezra. The square Chaldee characters, adopted during the captivity, superseded the Phoenician, and Ezra used them in transcribing the ancient records.

Studies of Language: Hebrew, 1833

Pursuing the Excavation

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One of these has a gallery, much decayed, at the end of which is a saloon, with a chamber at each extremity. In the center of the saloon is an oratory, nine feet square, with a stone at each entrance, having upon it a bas relief figure of a man in full length. Other curious figures are to be seen on various stones in this room. The stone pavement is smooth, and admirably matched. This being perforated, and a hole made about eighteen inches in diameter, a round earthen vessel was discovered, one foot in size, cemented to another of the same dimension and quality. Pursuing the excavation, a circular stone was met with, which, on removal, presented a circular cavity containing a lance, made of flint, two small pyramids, and the figure of a heart, made of crystallized stone, called by the natives challa. Two other small jars, with covers, were found, containing a ball of vermillion, etc.

American Antiquities, 1837

Full Fountains

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The historian and the poet, the lawgiver and the moralist, must each acknowledge himself a debtor to the ancient scriptures. They have been and will continue to be full fountains sending their healthful waters thorugh all the rich fields of society. In short, wherever there has been a head that could learn, or a heart that could feel, they have exerted a meliorating influence….The study is recommended for determining the etymological significations of important Greek words. The Septuagint shows how often a Greek word may have a peculiar Hebrew meaning attached to it. The writers of the New Testament were Jews, and were most familiar with Hebrew forms of expression, and many of their words and phrases are justly termed Hebraisms. Dr. Campbell, to his criticism of Hebrews 3:5, has subjoined remakrs to prove that the knowledge of Hebrew is almost as necessary to a proper understanding of the New Testament as Greek. Surely if anyone would comprehend the meaning of those Greek words in the Christian Scriptures, which are but representations or translations of Hebrew words in the Old Testament, he must know the true import of the original.

Hebrew Literature, 1833

Windows in the form of the Greek Cross

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The entrance to the Palencian temple is on the east side, by a portico more than one hundred feet in length, and nine feet broad. This portico is supported by plain rectangular pillars, without pedestals, fifteen inches in diameter. On these are laid smooth square stones, one foot in thickness, which form an architrave. These blocks are nearly covered with stucco work of shields, etc. On each pillar, and running from one to another, rest also plain rectangular blocks of stones, five feet long, and six feet broad. Vestiges of heads, and various other designs in stucco, are discovered on these blocks; and on the internal side, are seen numerous busts, representing, without doubt, a series of kings. Between these, there is a range of windows, along the entire length of the building, some of which are square, and others in the form of the Greek cross.

American Antiquities, 1837

Alphabet (from “Studies of Language: Greek,” 1833)

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That there had been an alphabet in Greece, prior to the introduction of the Cadmean, or Phoenician,
although a question involved in much obscurity, seems to have been finally determined in the affirmative. In fact, it is difficult to conceive, how a personage so honored in the early history of the times, as Pelasgus, could have been so great a benefactor, without the introduction of an alphabet. He is said to have taught the barbarous inhabitants to clothe themselves in a more comfortable manner; to build houses; to adopt a food more congenial to the nature of the human constitution; to erect temples to the gods. There can be little hesitation in believing, that he also introduced a knowledge of letters; which all the Amonian or Cuthite family carried with them in their migration from the plains of Shinear to Phoenicia, Egypt, Greece, and other parts of the world. The Eugubian Tablet, the oldest profane monument, with written characters, now extant, and engraved—according to the opinion of the ablest scholars—two generations before the war of Troy, contains thirteen single letters; being the facsimile of the Pelasgian characters used in Greece and Italy. Now, allowing the tablet to be engraved, even as late as the Trojan war, still it will be much anterior to Cadmus.

Studies of Language: Greek, 1833

Brass (from “Automobile Topics,” 1912)

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The Knickerbocker Brass Goods Mfg. Co., of New York City, which petitioned itself into bankruptcy last week, would like to have some of the money that is listed on its books as due it, and for this reason has brought suit in the New York Supreme Court against the Only Motor Car Co., of Port Jefferson, L.I., and New York City. The Only company ordered lamps to the amount of $208.75 from the Knickerbocker concern, which were delivered on September 14, 1912, but which, according to the complaint, have not been paid for.

Automobile Topics, 1912

The Handle Company

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Mr. Knickerbocker went to South Boardman, and there had a talk with Mr. Edmiston and Mr. Murray about securing the bank for the indebtedness due it from the Michigan Handle Company; that at this time Mr. Knickerbocker knew nothing of the indebtedness of the handle company, except that to the bank, and $400 or $500 outside of that; that at this time an arrangement was made with the handle company, through Mr. Edmiston, that a mortgage should be given to the bank to secure it and the endorsers of the notes; that, when the arrangement was to be carried out, Mr. Knickerbocker was to be notified, and bring his own attorney down there to draw the papers; that this arrangement was not carried out, but he learned a day or two later that the mortgage to Murray as trustee had been executed; that he never accepted the terms of this mortgage.

The Northwestern Reporter, 1898

Knickerbocker Trust Company

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…by reason of the acts of the said John D. Parsons, Jr., in transferring the said several sums of money to the said Knickerbocker Trust Company in the year 1904, this defendant has lost the possession of the respective sums of $11,707.85 and $1,388.25, and $92,549.74, with interest to this date, and no part thereof has been repaid to it except that the whole of the said special deposit has been returned to this defendant other than the sum of $28,093.61, which sum with interest thereon from December 16th, 1905, this defendant has been deprived of by the act of the said John D. Parsons, Jr. That demand has been made of the said Knickerbocker Trust Company for the return of the said sum of $28,093.61, but that said demand has been refused, and that said Knickerbocker Trust Company claims the right to apply the said $28,093.61 upon failure to collect the amount from the estate of the said John D. Parsons, Jr.

Supreme Court, 1909

More Due

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Footnote: When a country sends forth to other countries more products and manufactures than it buys from them, it is obvious that it will receive in payment more money than it pays out. Then the “balance of trade” is said to be in its favor, for, taking the country all together, there is more due it from abroad than it owes abroad, and money must come to pay the indebtedness. If everyone who left Broek came back with more money than he had carried away, it would be as if the balance of trade were always in their favor.

Irving, Knickerbocker Stories, 1898


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‘…Doubts have arisen in the breast of the royal Henry as to the validity of your Majesty’s union, seeing that you had been the wife of an elder brother.‘
“My Lord of York,’ said the Queen, rising from her seat, and casting upon the conscience-stricken prelate a look that would have annihilated a mind less firm than his, —’thou sayest Henry, my Lord, has had doubts, —thou shouldst have said, ‘I, Cardinal Wolsey, have instilled doubts into the mind of my sovereign:’ this would be true. I am acquainted with thy proceedings; thy purposes may possibly be completed; but yet, alone as I am, unprotected and a foreigner, I fear thee not. I have that within which thou canst not destroy, —a quiet conscience; that which thou hast never velt, —a mind at peace. I am the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, —the aunt of Charles of Germany, —The Queen of Henry of England! The latter title I hold by the bonds of marriage, —by a dispensation given by the Pope Julius, —recognized by the English Bishops, —acted upon by my royal husband, —sealed on earth and registered in heaven. And dost thou think to annul this holy obligation? Wouldst thou break down the strong barriers of the church, —burst asunder the bonds of relition, and destroy conjugal felicity? Art thou really a man of God, as thy habit implies?

The Fate of Wolsey, 1835